Invited Perspective| Volume 29, ISSUE 10, P1015-1020, October 2021

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Human Rights to Inclusive Living and Care for Older People With Mental Health Conditions


      • This paper presents a human-rights based approach toward inclusive housing with care arrangements for older persons with mental health conditions and psychosocial disability (MHC-PSD)
      • Green care farms and a community-based model of housing with care (Livv-Inn) are presented as care alternatives that fulfill the human-rights of older persons to a better extent than traditional care settings. They are focused on key values such as reciprocity, building on remaining strengths and capacities, dignity and fostering inclusion and participation within the broader social context.
      • These innovative forms of collective living arrangements are promising as they support the human rights of older persons, are inclusive and use a neighborhood approach to long-term care.


      Although older persons wish to age at home, many older persons with mental health conditions and psychosocial disability (MHC-PSD) spend the last few years of their life in residential facilities. This paper will examine the impact of ageism and human rights violations manifested in environmental design, specifically regarding social isolation, loneliness, inadequate psychosocial, environmental, recreational and spiritual support. This is compounded by failure to meet basic care needs-nutrition, hydration, pain and medication support. This paper highlights two innovative initiatives from the Netherlands, which show that older persons’ rights can be maintained in innovative, collective living arrangements. It is concluded that the creation of inclusive and safe environments for older persons with MHC-PSD can facilitate the enjoyment of Human Rights.

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