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Reminiscence Therapy in Patients with Neurocognitive Disorders: A Case Report and Literature Review

      Introduction: Approximately 5.2 million adults in the United States aged 65 and older suffer from Alzheimer disease.
      • Hebert L.E.
      • Weuve J.
      • Scherr P.
      • et al.
      Alzheimer disease in the United States (2010–2050) estimated using the 2010 census.
      Current treatment options have limited efficacy. In addition to cognitive decline, many patients experience neuropsychiatric symptoms including agitation, depression, apathy, psychosis, and disinhibited behavior.
      • Lyketsos C.G.
      Dementia and milder cognitive syndromes.
      No FDA-approved pharmacologic treatments currently exist to address these debilitating symptoms, which are often distressing to both patients and caregivers. Nonpharmacological and psychosocial interventions play an important role in the management of neuropsychiatric symptoms in patients with neurocognitive disorders such as Alzheimer's disease.
      • Reus V.
      • Fochtmann L.
      • Eyler A.E.
      • et al.
      The American Psychiatric Association practice guideline on the use of antipsychotics to treat agitation or psychosis in patient with dementia.
      We report a case of a patient with major neurocognitive disorder due to Alzheimer's disease and significant behavioral disturbances who responded positively to reminiscence therapy. In addition this poster will include a literature review discussing the evidence for the use of reminiscence therapy in patients with neurocognitive disorders.
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      References

        • Hebert L.E.
        • Weuve J.
        • Scherr P.
        • et al.
        Alzheimer disease in the United States (2010–2050) estimated using the 2010 census.
        Neurology. 2013; 80: 1778-1783
        • Lyketsos C.G.
        Dementia and milder cognitive syndromes.
        in: Clinical Manual of Geriatric Psychiatry. American Psychiatric Publishing, Inc, Washington, DC2014: 99-123
        • Reus V.
        • Fochtmann L.
        • Eyler A.E.
        • et al.
        The American Psychiatric Association practice guideline on the use of antipsychotics to treat agitation or psychosis in patient with dementia.
        Am J Psychiatry. 2016; 173: 543-546
        • Dempsey L.
        • Murphy K.
        • Cooney A.
        • et al.
        Reminiscence in dementia: a concept analysis.
        Dementia. 2014; 13: 176-192